Finishing class

Session 1

  1. Why do we finish
  • Ascetics
  • Functions

 

  1. Safe methods of finishing at home

 

  1. Types of applications
  • Rag
  • Brush – natural hair or synthetic
  • Spray
  • Types of equipment for Spray
  • Conventional
  • HVLP
  • Turbine HVLP
  • Airless
  • Air assisted airless

 

  1. Basic finishing steps
  • Preparation
  • Grain filling
  • Sanding
  • Staining
  • Sealing
  • Topcoat
  • Buff/polish

Session 2

  1. Finishing systems
  • Wax
  • Linseed Oil
  • French Polish
  • Tung/Danish oils
  • Shellac
  • Polyurethane
  • Waterborne
  • Nitrocellulose lacquer
  • Pre-catalyzed lacquer
  • Conversion Varnish
  • 2k polyurethane
  • Polyester
  • UV

 

  1. Advantages & Disadvantages

 

  1. Safety and storage of materials

 

 

Session 3

  1. Surface preparation
  • Preparing the wood
  • Distressing
    • Drill -gouges
    • Chains, nails & distressing tools
    • Fly spec
  • Work space
  • Steaming dents
  • Filling gaps/joints

 

 

  1. Types of fillers
  • Epoxy putty sticks
  • Wax putty sticks
  • Wood fillers -waterbase/solvent
  • Hot melt acrylic sticks

 

  1. Sanding
  • Importance
  • General rules

 

  1. Types of sanding
  • Hand sanding
  • Air sanders vs. Electric sanders
  • Types of Random orbital sanders

 

 

  1. Types of Minerals
  • Garnet
  • Aluminum oxide
  • Silicon Carbide

 

  1. Types of abrasive materials
  • Sandpaper
  • Wet/dry
  • Non woven pads
  • Sponges

 

  1. Choosing the system
  • Grit
  • Back up pad
  • PSA vs Hook & Loop

 

  1. Sanding tips and tricks

 

 

  1. Checking your work
  • Alcohol
  • Mineral spirits/ Naphtha
  • Lights

 

  1. Satin systems
  • Gel
  • Wiping
  • Dye
  • Spray only

 

  1. Application of stains
  • Rag
  • Brush
  • Sponge
  • Spray
  • Do’s and don’ts

 

  1. Color
  • Pigments
  • Dyes
  • How to mix color
  • How to keep consistency
  • Tricks & tips

 

  1. Glazes
  • What are they
  • When to use
  • Techniques

 

Session 4 

  1. Sealers
  • What are they and how they work?
  • Types available
  • Advantages/dis-advantages
  • How to apply
  • How to tint
  1. Topcoats
  • Appearance
  • Durability
  • Clarity
  • Solids
  • Viscosity
  • Repairability
  • Sheens

 

  1. Solvents & reducers
  • When to use
  • Importance of correct solvent

 

Session 5

  1. Trouble shooting -Most common reasons of finish failure
  • Sanding
  • Solvents
  • Dry times
  • Wrong coating selection
  • Application

 

  1. Repairs – Touch up

 


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